Short History of the
Writers have spoken about " Cripta" of the Palatine Chapel ; the
Fazello calls it the most religious underground Speco and
also Regal Visitor John Angel De Ciocchis in 1741; Vincent Auria
and Don Marzio Hotel, second ancient traditions want, it asylum of
the persecuted Christians. As in many Palatine Chapels the lowland
Chapel was destined to the staff, as Parochial Church, its
insufficient elevation and the relative dusk have made to think to
Cripta, destined place to the conservation of the Relics.
The complex is constituted from the Church preceded from the nartece and the before one sacello (that it was the burial room of King William in 1166, today buried in the Dome of Monreale) and from the outpatient's departments that are around sacello and the Church. The presence of a deambulatory, that it allows the peripheral circulation, orients in such sense. Without a doubt these characteristics are due to technical necessities of the plan, in particular to the necessity to support the advanced Chapel , than wanted higher possible.
The lowness impression is cancelled from extreme elegance of the architectonic forms. The atmosphere, turned to all sixth, came gained in correspondence of the geometric center of the advanced Church. In reality the Church is constructed outside earth, to the downstairs of Courtyard; the light lack has been created in the course of the centuries. It is introduced rectangular but developed, second a concept more near model orients them of the Churches bizantine. The room of m. 7,25 x 12 are uniform in three wide navate small m. 3 for means of two columns of perusal late-ancient sormontate from capitelli, and entire is turned from cruises to sixth pointed one.
Vincent Zoric makes to go back construction to 1117. After fifteen years from erection of Saint Mary of Hierusalem, first Parochial center (from 1132), Ruggero it starts the construction of the new Palatine Chapel , to basilican plant, with three navate, of Latin type.
It is considered that the conquest normanna of the Sicily with army apulo-calabrian and the Christian population survivor to the dominion Muslim was of language and Greek ritual; the Normanni could on hand have a meager number of Latin priests and the last Greek Bishop that they found the Normanni in the little Church of Santa Cyriaca was Nicodim (1065-1073).
The inferior Church or Saint Mary of Hierusalem is cited in Rollo of the Tonni like " superiore". The Greek Clergy was the place where officed , even if only for some Eves of Lent, in the Supper of the Lord, Saint John Baptiste, Ss. Peter and Paul, Dormitione of Virgin (Cfr. Garofalo, Tabularium). But Nicodim could not consecrate the primitiva Palatine Chapel ; it was sure from Greek Protopapas (of which we do not know the name) that it traced Crosses of the Consacration on the walls, contornate from letters