Short History of Palatina Chapel



 

The Palatina Chapel was founded of the King Ruggero II in 1131, year following to its incoronation and was built nelthe ten year old arc on a preexistent Church. Like Dependent Apostolic, the Sovereign reserved for him and his successive designation of Prelato and of Chierici dedicated to the service of the Church.
In the 1132 it was made up Parish of the Archbishop of Palermo Peter and as its Canonical, dedicated has Saint Peter apostle, Prince of the Apostles, as he is noticed of Privilegio inserted in " Reasons and obligations of the Archbishop of Palermo and the Parchment kept in the Treasury of the Chapel. Privilegio carryforward " ….Rex benignissime Cappellam vestram in honorem B. Petri Apostolorum principis intra castellum superius panormitanum fundatam, exaltare and Parochiali dignitate irrefragabiliter munire decernimus " ; (Cfr.Diploma II in Tabularium Garofalo). [Obviously this Document cannot refer has the current Chapel ; it is improbable that in the 1132 it had been already built, devoted and raised to Parish , but one must refer to us to the Lower church, improperly dictates Crypte, of S. Marie de Hierusalem , then dictates Saint Mary of Graces. Cfr. V.Zoric, Arx will preclara]. One  parchment of the 1140 container the institution of the Chapel of S. Peter made of King Ruggero, exist two specimens, a membranaceo and copies it sincrona from paper dyed in violet and written with  gold letters  however.
Another document of the kind is kept in the same Chapel, of which  C.M. Gear ratio affirms not to contain flax, neither hemp, nor cotton (paperweb.biz). 
After eight years, in the 1140 Kings it named Ciantro (with French expression Chantre, Chantor or Primicery , with spells to chair and intonaire gregorian Chant ) in the person of Simon, eight Canonical and four Prebendati. Garofalo specifies which at the time of the foundation were institutés the Emolument or Canonicati of the Chapel . Though it some person of Capitolo for the care of the hearts was not designated, it was always retained that returned in Cantor, which appointed a Chaplain to manage Sacramenti with the inhabitants of the Real Palace.  Along the four sides of the parallelepido on which it is built the cupola it runs a Greek inscription: " ....... Roger King, scettropossente it to build there; Church has the Arcipastore and Corifeo Pietro on year 6651 of the foundation of the world or 1143 of Incarnation of Christ ...... " . the institution of Canonical of the number of 12 goes back to a Decree of Charle of Anjou of the 1274. The Clergy is composed of  the single dignity of Ciantro, twelve Canonical, two Profited Personati, eight Corodati and six Deacons. Precise indications on the number of Beneficial do not have before the 1612, the year when Filippo III changed to eight the number of Corodati and to you be that of the Deacons. The Chapel was devoted on April 29, 1140 probably for the  Archbishop of Palermo Roger Fresera to the presence of the Bishops Gualtier of Agrigente and Stefano de Malta. In the same day the King dispatched Privilegio with which it assigned  with the Chapel the Church of San George in Kemonia, to constitute you the Cemetery and it made build a Clock, with known as of Pirro to be used the Church. There remains to him one lapidates trilingual (Greek, Latin and Arabic):
                   
The Master altar is composed of various stones, mosaic and tablecloths of porfido (jusqu' at 1995 in center of was a bassorilieve bronzeo with the Mystical lamb); in the two side chapels: on the right it is kept S. Eucaristia, on the left is the marble statue of San Peter Apostle , work of 1726 of the sculptor palermitano John Baptist Ragusa.  According to Fazello and Pirri the King will trasféra of  the Church of Saint Mary of the Admiral, known as Martorana, eight Canonical in the 1132, but Bitten Salvadore, arabist, refute that, by retaining the Church of Martorana it had been founded in the 1143 and that thus it could not provide some Canonical to the Palatina Chapel. Ciantro of it, however, named Bénéfique " of Saint Mary of Admirato " ; but that, according to the Bite had had with the fact which it King always considered it Church levels and the Clergy she it has the obligation to request for the King. (Cfr. Salvadore Bitten Description of old Palermo, 1827). In the 1143 it was offered to the Chapel of the King a farm in the territory of  Sciacca; in the 1145 the Archbishop of Catane offered to Canonical the third part of tenth of Castrogiovanni and Aidone and the Empereur Enrico confirmed all the privileges of his predecessori on the rights and the Customs of Palermo and Therms of Imera (Cfr.Opere de V.Mortillaro). On February 13, 1177 was celebrated in the Palatina Chapel the Marriage among Guillaume of Sicily and Joan , girl of Enrico II of England, with the presence of many  Bishops and of feudatari (Cfr. History of the Christianity of F. Buonaiuti, 1944). The Emperor Freederic II conceded in Ciantro of the Palatina Chapel the Farm, then Feudo of  Scopello (TP), with Diploma of the 1220; the concession ruffle a reward for the subtraction of " crowned vase of however and of money " ; for financier the war against the Turks.
The Major Chaplain of Sicily elected twelve Priests with Titolo of Honor Chapelains . The Canonical ones and Clergy of this Chapel was exempts jurisdition of the the Ordinary and they had for Supérieur the Major Chaplain of the King, who exerted the jurisdition on the castles and the army of the Reign of Both Sicilie. 
In 1215 Federico II of Svevia was recognized  King of Germany, of Italy and of Sicily and in the 1220 came couronnee to Rome emperor and in Palermo King of Sicily. To the 1206, thank you with the privileges which on July 5, 1098 Papas Urban II had given to him and its predecessors to reorganize the ecclesiastical hierarchy in Sicily, seconded the Church of Lucy Saint of Apple, pertaining to the Diocese of Pacts, during the leave of this Seat for the dead ones of  Stephan  bishop, and it raised with the dignity of " Prelatura Nullius " ( of no Bishop, but directly prone to S. Siège). Canonical of the Palatina Chapel prone ones to the Major Chaplain of the King; much of they were even Ciantri of the Palatina Chapel and precisely:  - By Hemming Brunello. Messinese, covered at the same time the Major dignity of Chaplain and Ciantro of the Palatina Chapel of the 1344 to the 1355. - Giacomo Gallarat. Beneficial of S. Lucy, it was moreover Ciantro of R. Chapelle Palatina, Abbey of St. Mary of  Admirato and St. Mary of  Terrana   (Caltagirone). - Alemanno de Sicar. In the 1450 it commutated Ciantria of Palatina with the Benefit of Lucy Saint. - Giacomo Gagliardo. In the 1457 links with the loads of Chaplain the Major one and Ciantro of Palatina benefit of Saint Lucy.
- Gabriele Enguerra. Doctor in Theology and Ciantro of Palatina, in the 1458 obtained from the King Cappellania Majeure of the Reign and the Abbey of Saint  Lucy, to which rinunziò in May of the 1462. - Federico de Vital. Palermitano, Canonical thousand-year-old of Metropolitana and General Vicario of the Arcidiocesi, was named Major Chapelain  Reign and Abbot of Saint Lucy. In Saint the 1482 with his expenses it made restore the ceiling of Palatina and always ordered the pregevole Baptismal Source  in service in Cathedrale of Saint Lucy. Died in the 1483. - Gian Martin de Vital, nephew of Federico de Vital, Arcideacon  of the Cathedral  of Palermo and Ciantro of Palatina, was named in the 1484  Abbot of  Saint Lucy  to assent of the King. He died on February 20, 1491.
- Alfonso of Aragona. Wire of the King Ferdinando II, Archbishop of Saragozza, Ciantro of R. Chapel of S. Peter in Palace (Palatina) and Abbot of 
St. Lucy in the 1492. In the 1497 it obtained from the King diploma with whom they were confirmed all the privileges, thank you, freedoms and indulti of which godeva the Church of S. Lucy. The territory of Scopello thus was assigned in the 1241 at the domanial City of Assembles S.Giuliano ( today Erix ), but with Privilege of Ludovico III, it was returned in Ciantro of the Chapel Palatina of Palermo, which beneficial of the Church of St. Mary  of the Admiral.
In the 1406 the Archbishop John of Procida (1400-1410) wanted to extend his jurisdition on free Canoniques of the Palatina Chapel, but King Martino, with Diploma, fixed the limits of the jurisdition of the Major Chaplain of Sicily (Cfr. Law Eccl. Sicolo of L. Giampallari). 30 Settembre 1434 the Church of St. Mary of the Admiral was scissa Palatina Chapel for Privilège of King Alfonso, with Feudo of Scopello given to Ciantro of Palatina and of the obligation for Martorana to give every year to same Ciantro I roll of wax in the Fest of the Purification (20 dried up in 1858). 
Privilege was confirmed of the Pope Eugenio IV on July 25, 1435. According to Friendly Vito, Ciantro of Palatina then gave it in enfiteusi to John Baptist Catalta, with noble Catalan and tale of S. Colombe, the girl whose Caterina it carried in dowry the husband Giacomo Fardella, Prince de Paceco, obliged to pay 125 annual shields. Lastly, with sale contract, the property of Feudo was trasférée eredi of Prince Fardella in Real Commenda of Magione, and, with it, the obligation of the payment of cannonades of 50 eleven annual. Among the other revenues of the Palatina Chapel, eleven of 200 of Feudo of remember; Accia, conceded in enfiteusi with the Marquis of S. Isidoro, like “ab aliis diversis personis iure census super diversas domus and territoria uncias trigintaquattuor”. The tower of the principal place of the Commune of Casteldaccia (Pa) a n' certain construction did not give; the historians place it around the XV century. Influential specialists retain to be able to affirm that the tower was already present at the interior of controlled Feudo, with half of the 1300, Ciantro of the Palatina Chapel.  The presence of this influential ecclesiastical figure on the territory casteldaccese protrarrà, then, for the following centuries jusqu' with when the Feudo entirety will be conceded in enfiteusi with the Spatafora family in the 1574 (and for all the `600) and the Ciantro term, scompared of the collective memory, will become simple toponym to indicate Contrada Ciandro. the ex Feudo of Ciantro, with Contrade of the Corbel and of Transverse, close to the river Milicia, s' extended from the close zone to the sea to the tablecloths of  Dog Goes up. In the  year the 1458 roof of the Chapel was repaired of King John and in the 1482 it was decorated various paintings of Ciantro Frederic Vital; in the 1682 it was remade an arc of the platform and in 1716 restored some mosaics (on Soglio realities law: " ; Refectum 1720 " ; ). 
In 1506 Ciantro John Sanchez made paint various images in the Gantry of the Chapel, transforms then in mosaic in 1800. Under Chiaramonte the worship in the Chapel Palatina illanguidì, end much which it role of the Major Chaplain was given to the Judge of Monarchy; in the 1580 it was Girolamo Royal, which was obliged to reside in Prelatura of S. Lucy of Apple. In a document of the 1587 one mentions Cerimoniere; they become two on occasion of the reorganization of the ecclesiastical personnel of the Chapel carried out following sovereign provisions in 1714. In the same year they are institutés two sacristi, the one with title of “major” and the other with I titrate of “assistance” (become successively Prefetto of Sacristia and of Prefetto of Church). of object; honors and of privileges on behalf of the Sovereigns normanni, svevi, angioini and Aragonese, under the Austrians the Chapel knew one period of decline, which lasted almost two centuries,  with when, c' be-with-to say, Filippo II, with decree of the 1586, n' had not given starts with the reorganization of the Clergy, by regulating the number, the nomination, promotions and the revenues. In the basin of Protesis the originating San Peter was substituted in century XVI of the figure of Sant' Andrea and even Pantocrator Christ and San Paolo are more recent work, probable substitutions of a Madonna orante qu' insolitement it misses in the complex musivo. Nelthe year 1598, with dead of Cantore, the Canonical ones claimed that the care was entrusted to Capitolo and nacquirent controversies with the Large Archiépiscopale Court, for which in the 1634 Cardinal Giannettino Doria made an Act in which it confirmed how much fact dalthe ; Peter archbishop, c' be-with-to say that the care lay in Capitul  and the Canonical ones. For much of times it is Cantor that the Canonical ones receive the Institution, c' be-with-to say the mission of Priest dalthe ; Archbishop. Much Prelati of the Clergy of the Palatina Chapel, in the various centuries, was elected althe bishop. The Canonical ones and Corodati erano buried in the Lower church of St. Mary of Graces , where two you lapidate indicate: "  Sepulcrum Canonicorum " ; and "  Sepulcrum Beneficiatorum ".
 Pirro informs us that in the 1634 it to you was buried Ciantro Philip Barresi. The oldest burial is of the 1624 in the sinister wall of the sanctuary, for the visceri and the heart of Vicerè Emmanuel Filiberto of Savoia the vicerè Ann of Walled and Guzman (+1677) and the duchessa Teresa Ailes Ponson, woman of the vicerè John  Fogliani (1757). It nacquit in continuation a contesa among the Judge of Monarchy Agatino Reggio and Mons. Marcel Papianiano Cusani Archbishop for the Institution of Cantore and the Canonical ones; the King Charles  III gave the decision to a College of 12 Prelati to Naples, which however never decided in favour of some. The King Philip VI since in time the emolument of the Canonic was become thin, in the 1638 and the 1641 increased them; the same one made Charles II in the 1668, Victor Amedeo in the 1713 and Francis in 1826, by increasing them by 1/5. In 1735 Charles III of Borbone it assigned 800 ounces annual for restores mosaics. With Royal Dispatch of November 2, 1807 Ferdinand  III institutèrent bodies distinct from twenty Chierici; in the same document one refers to theexistence of a School in the Chapel, which “was to be useful for the distinguished chierici, which n' had not achieved the course of the human letters. 
In continuation it was useful for the secondary chierici…”. In 1794 Kings Ferdinand of Borbone restores the load of Major Chaplain, with jurisdition on all the Chapels and Palatine. Dalthe Work " of Chapel Governed Siciliae" ; the Canonical one of Claire one notices the high of number; Churches suffraganee of the Chapel Palatina Two Churches do not appear in this enumerates:  - the Chapel of the Elvira Queen ( known as of St. Marie Magdalene) qu' it rose at Cathedral, to which they served two Canonical of the Chapel  Palatina, intended to receive the bodies of the late monarchs; - the Church Collegiata of Calascibetta (EN), declared of Frederic III in the 1358 " employee and almost grancia of the Chapel Palatina " . The other Churches was :
1. S. Andrew of Gondole. Old church near Saint Mary of Itria. She was shaven with the suolo to strengthen the Palate; he does not see today of it; today not trace. You see Fazello Déesses. 1, lib. 8, Pirro and Inveges. 2. S. Andrew of Bibillitti Door. It isnt' in trace does not see, born is certainly where rose.
3. S. Angel of Castelvecchio (of Castroveteri)  Like the Church of S. Andrew. 4. S. Barthelemy de Chasena. It isn't trace does not see, born is certainly where rose. 5. Saint Fede de Mazzera (S. Fide de Mazzara). At the time of Pirri there was the only furnace bridge nelthe; old Chapel of St. James Mazzara.
6. S. Philip and Jaques. According to Luca Barbes it was not remote of Maredolce, and is probable in the second place of Claire who this of source; water are named Forera of S. Philip . 7. S. Jaques Mazzara.  Manufactured on a rock of Normanni, theappel Mazzara dalthe; arabo Mahassar, c' be-with-to say frantoio
of oil  Papireto River on the right. 8. S. George. Of King Ruggiero dedicated to Cimetière with the Palatina Chapel, located in the district delthe Albergaria close Monastero to St. John of the Hermits; then it was its Greek monaci, and Indians for Privilège of Federico it passed to Monastero of S. Mary of Altofonte: and thus previo approval levels arrived at Olivetani, which manufactured new a tempio S. George. 9. S. John.  He was in the Royal Palace , and he does not see trace now of it. 10. S. John Baptist in Castellammare. Perdutosi the benefit one does not know dictates Église is same the parochial one under title of S. John Baptist. 
 The clear one of it does not put among the number of the Churches of suffraganee at the Chapel of Palate as it actuated Monsignor De Ciocchis.
11. Saint Mary of Admiral  (of Admirato). Manufactured of George Antiochen Lord High Admiral delthe; one and delthe; another Ruggiero.
Become of real patronage, parce qu' they touched with the Tax department the goods of the extinct family of that without eredi. She was given in MJU to the monache of Martorana, with the authority of Pope Eugenio IV. 12. Saint Mary of Cambii It isn't be unaware of which is étée, but it was suffraganea.
You see Barberi and Pirro. 13. Saint Mary of Itria or of Pinta. Monsignor De Bûches was favorable to Bénéficié, at 1768, and then to 1785 rejected the contrary exceptions: and it thus perceives Senate annually eleven twenties, and eleven nine of Confrati. 14. Saint Marie Magdalene of Thalca (or of Galca).
At the 1607 notes of Claire qu' beyond Confratria of laymen one it added you the Convent of the monks of S. Francesco delthe Observance. 
But now sussist only Confraternita which passed in the Church of S. Cosma and Damian. 15. Saint Mary of Stolis. S' he is unaware of which is étée.
16. Higher Saint Mary . In the Palace thus named of Hierusalem (it is the lower Church ), to the time of Fazello was reduced to employs layman
You see goddesses. 1. lili. Cowards. 17. S. Nicolo de Aveu. Mongitore ensures of to be étées in the feudo of Accia (Aditine). 18. S. Michael of Parks. Sussist with Confraternita laicale. 19. S. Michael of  Jndulciis changed into Chapel rises to the bridge delthe Admiral.
20. S. Nicolo of Castellammare.
It returned to the Chapel  of Palace: but it does not have you today not some report/ratio, of which during qu' it is Parish Church of the Commune of Castellammare of the Gulf, cleaned for institution of theévêque of Mazara manages with the parrocchiani Sagramenti.
21. S. Pancrace. Divenne this church suffraganea under Guglielmo and is in the Diocese of Messine. (You see Claire of quoted place).
22. S. Paul of Algas. For a long time he remembers of this benefit, and which is used for theÉglise he is pure Chapelain of Confratria whose he receives the treatment. 23. S. Stephan of Aveu. It isn't trace does not see, born is certainly where rose. 21. S. Trinity of Couvert. It isn't trace does not see, born is certainly where rose, though theétat of suffraganea is brought back in Diploma, num.31, pag. 2 V, meadows of Claire. 25. S. Trinity of Zisa. According to Claire it was additional in Real Palais. You see Tabularium de Bien. L. Garofalo, and my Letter with P.D.G.B. Tarallo around Tabulano etc (works, vol.1, pag.107].
Papers delthe File of the Palatina Chapel  ( today nelthe Archive of State of Palermo: " Hollow Palatina Chapel " ) XVII century I with first of 1900, it remark is enumerated Churches, Chapels and the religious institutions prone to Palatina and precisely:
- PROVINCE OF PALERMO: Real Parish of S. James of Militairex in Palermo; Real Parish of Strong Castellammare in Palermo; Military Spedale of St. Zita in Palermo; S. Paul of Kalca; Confraired  of  Announced of Pinta; S. Mary Magdalena; Church of the Favorite one; Church of Valdesi; Church of Ficuzza; Real Church of St. Mary the Victoire and I bathe reception in Palermo; I bathe of new institution in the Large Prisons of Palermo; Real Parish of the Castle of Therms;
I bathe reclusion in the Castle of Therms. - PROVINCE OF MESSINE: Palatina Chapel ; Extremely of S. Salvatore in Messine; Extremely of Castellaccio in Messine; Extremely of the Citadel of Messine; Strong Gonzaga in Messine; Military Spedale of Messine; Arsenal of Messine; Real Castle of Milazzo; Military Spedale in Milazzo; I bathe of Milazzo; Real Places and Castle of Lipari. - PROVINCE OF CATANE: Strong S. Ferdinando. - PROVINCE OF NOTO: Extremely of Syracuse; Military Spedale of Syracuse; I bathe in the Fort of Syracuse; Major Castle in Augusta; Garzia forts and Victoire in Augusta; Military Spedale in Augusta. - PROVINCE OF CALTANISSETTA: Collegiata of Calascibetta. - PROVINCE OF GIRGENTI: Real Places of Girgenti.
- PROVINCE OF TRAPANI: Extremely of Ground in Trapani; Military Spedale of Trapani; I bathe S. Anne de Trapani; Extremely of Colombaia in Trapani; Church of Animicelle (Trapani); Extremely of S. Giacomo in Favignana; Strong S. Caterina in Favignana; Life imprisonment in Strong S. Caterina; Strong and Real Places in Pantelleria.  

Collegiata and the Canonical ones

In the Catholique Church  the expression Collegiata indicates a Church of a certain importance, in which it is instituté a College or Capitulates the Canonical ones, with the brush to make more solemn the divine Worship. According to the tradition of the Catholique Church,  the Collegiata Churchcan be simple, distinguished or for-badge for. Generally it maintains title of Collegiata even if Capitolo of Canonical has suddenly ceased. the institution, the innovation or the removal of the Chapters collegiati are reserved to the Sede Saint. Idiot the term of Collegiata or of I capitulate collegial one indicates a community of Canonical nonrelated to a Cattedrale Church. The Community life of this College is defined spec. rule of Aquisgrana (Institutio Aquisgranensis, 816), qu' it assigned with Canonical dimensions goods of the capitolari, allowed the personal property (by thus determining the exemption of the vote of poverty) and fixed the practice of the life communis. In the course of bottom Moyen Evo the common goods capitolari were divided in emolument of individual and the Community life was abolished. The Chapters collegiali divennero consequently, of XIII dryness., gifted of broad autonomy, independent corporations on the economic plan; their members erano related to Capitolo of a diversified whole of legal relations. Since them j' spell principal consisted nelthe solemn execution of the Liturgy choral society, they exerted even the rights of Parish in the localities where they resided; often they had functions of relief in field school and universal In late Moyen Evo the emolument they were used especially for financier of the religious and secular organizations, or to guarantee living conditions confacenti to their social degree with the male descendants of the nobility and middle-class town; this evolution was stopped only in second half of XV dryness., for influence of Concili. One indicates as Canonical Capitule or College of one of Cattedrale or of Collegiata a group of Priests, instituté of the Sede Saint, to make more dignitoso or solemn the divine Worship. The members of Capitolo meet at least formerly per week (or in any event according to how much established its Statutes) to recite or sing the Liturgy of the Hours and for concelebrare the Mass conventuale. theattribution of Canonicato in Presbitero returns to theÉvêque, Capitolo hearing of theÉglise. Required qualities are the same ones which wonder for all the ecclesiastical offices. They must be priests distinct for doctrines and integrity from life. 
Capitolo, like true College, they compete the rights of the moral persons collegiali. The Code concedes the right to him and it forces the duty to give itself to him Statutes which must regulate the internal mode, the meetings capitolari, the administration of the community properties. The Canonical ones of the day of their installation are entitled to the signs and the privileges its. The signs are established document of institution of Capitolo or the special privileges.
They can employ to him in all the Diocese in which one finds Capitolo. They are entitled to the scranno in Chorus, and " they have voice in Capitolo" , in their meetings, which in technician term are called " Capitolo" . Consequently I flowerhead indicate is the morals unit of the presbiteri which make a part of it, that is to say each official meeting of Canoniques sayings. Canonical is Presbitero, member of Capitolo, of a Church Cattedrale or Collegiata. The word comes from Latin gun, " regola" . The Canonical ones nacquirent with the brush to give a common rule to the Clergy of Cathédrals. The Canonical ones were distinguished, thus, of the appartenanux at the institutions monastich and for the membership of the diocesan Clergy and thus for the direct dependence of the Bishop.
It does not go, indeed, not forgotten that the Parish, which part of the Diocese entrusted to the care of an individual priest nacquit only at the end of X century.
For diverged from the centuries the majority of the diocesan priests  continued to live in proximity of Cathedral or the more important Churches, while the rural surfaces could receive from Plebs. Generally Canonical the of Collegiata have the obligation to recite together the Liturgy of the Hours, or for less some of its greater parts. The Chapîtres correspondents often have goods with which they provide for the maintenance with their Canonical.
The Canonical Ensigns are:  FOR THE CANONICAL ONES: - the Ratchet and Mozzetta of color paonazzo (doubled of armisino, woven light of silk), conceded with Urbain Bubble of VIII data in Rome on April 16, 1633 FOR PROFITED: - the Almuzia (mantelletta, similar to the pèlerine, employed in the Scandinavian countries with rigid climate, which was put on vêt talare and was cooked in the celebrations liturgics) of black color it was conceded of Vicerè Fernando Afán de Ribera there Enríquez, Duck of Alcalà (1629-1631).  Sottociantro, Maestro of School and Maestro of the Ceremonies has nelthe Almuzia a fascetta of shaven cremisi. With two Decrees of Vicerè of 1774 and 1777 in Bénéficiés he was conceded the Ratchet and in Canonical Mozzetta black. King Filippo II on December 12, 1586 réarranga Capitolo and establishes 8 Canonical, 1 Treasurer, 2 Personati, 8 Corodati, 4 Deacons, with the dowry of 3500 eleven the; year to treat to Fund of the skins and vacant seats of Prelature. King Philip III on August 20, 1612 raised the number of Canonical with 12,8 Corodati and 6 Deacons, by increasing the dowry eleven of 1000. The King Ferdinand III of Borbone in 1799 conceded with Canonical the employs of Cappamagna and Mitria like the Canonical ones of Cathedral and in Bénéficiés Cappamagna in bank holidays. As for the bonnet of these Prelati which is not insigniti of episcopal character, the Pope Pious X really emanated from the new rules with Motu of February 21, 1905. By referring to Apostolic Protonotari of the first three classes, he says:
"  … gestare nigrum biretum, flocculo ornatum coloris rubini" ; (" they can wear a black bonnet, decorated of one rivet washer with rubin color " ; ) Motu Really of the Pope Paul VI " Pontificalia Insignia " of 21 Giugno 1968 reserved the Bishops the employ Pontificali Ensigns, while establishing however with the n.5:
" Other Prelati, not insigniti of episcopal dignity or named before the publication of present the Apostolic Letter, continue to enjoy the privilege of some signs which they enjoy now, in force of n' import which right they conceded either with personal capacity or like appartenanux to unspecified Collège. They however will be able rinunciare with these privileges spontanéement, in the form envisaged of the Right ".

Restorations

In the 1300, at the time of Queen Elizabeth , they start the first restorations. In second half of the ' 400 Kings Jean of Aragona and Ferdinand the Catholic make carry out aureoles gilded with most of the profane figures and add other Saints where those last erano damaged. In the first years of 1500 Peter Oddo demolishes the scenes of hunting qu' they decorated the southernmost gantry in them substituent with other figures delthe Old Testament. At the end of the 700 and beginnings of 1800 arrives, even, the School of Restores founded of King Charles III. Which really because of “I restore” modification off much ofoeuvres art Sicilians mainly in baroque, or with entirely inappropriate transformations. And this door to affirm much that works of this period like the Palatina Chapel off today itsn't more, certainly, it of XlI century… and with as much of safety, which no sicilian monument of this century preserved better of Palatina the; will have and the; it characterizes origin off.” After the earthquake of the settembre 2004, the Chapel is subordinated to restorations, sponsored of theallemand Reinhold Wurth for imports € 2.357.224, 45 Vent' years ofoubli. And maintaining the mecenate German Würth brought back in life the ceiling to cells (muqarnas), single in the world. Parce qu' it was painted Moslems in a Christian church. There remained hidden for beyond vent' years, hidden transenne and scores which were there on standby, of I restore several times announced and never carried out parce qu' they missed the funds. Aujourofhui the ceiling out of wooden of the Chapel of the Royal Palace of Palermo, a jewel delthe Art normanna builds in the XII century and single in the world, finally turns to shine thank you with perspicacity ofun elegant and cultivated signore German. With financier recovery he was the tycoon settantenne Reinhold Würth, owner ofune of marked of the companies in the world of viti and the tools for constructions, but especially a special mecenate, which remember passion for the art of Lorenzo the Splendid one. Würth invested well two million and with half ofeuro, almost approximately five milliardes of the old liras, to give again j' enamel and light with the splendid mosaics of the Palatina Chapel and the muqarnas line (in arabo, niches with form ofalvéoles, ndr) qu' they decorate the ceiling of the central navata of it. Realized in half the XII century maestranze Arab to service of the norman king Roger II of Altavilla, constitute an extraordinary medioeval encyclopaedia , realized for images, where they cohabit in Islam harmony and cristianity. It is a spectacle of colors, known as him and mysterious figures what appears in top with the3chafaudage on which the restorers worked alacremente for beyond two years. " We are vis-a-vis un' work long fourteen meters and broad art off seven, a capolavoro ligneo realized in Abies Nebrodensis (the fir tree today  at the ofextinction risk, which grows in Parks close to Madonie, in south of Palermo).
Era mastiqué with a mixture of chalk and animal collar, therefore painted with natural grounds of the conspicuous colors. The east result authenticates capolavoro carried out more with hands and the authors of which remained anonymous. That one of the Palatina Chapel of Palermo east the single ceiling with muqarnas existing in the world carried out in a Christian building. And it is an anthem with the cohabitation, with fusion among culture, I dialogue and with the tolerance. the work is theépreuve considerable perspicacity of Roger II, the first norman sovereign in Sicily. Crowned in Palermo in the 1130, c' be-with-to say cinquant' years after the end of the Arab domination, hardly salted with the throne it decided to bribe Moslem and Christian craftsmen to modernize of them the Real Palate built of Arabic in the IX century and decorated with an oratory with j' employ private. An enlightened and tolerant gesture, it his, which r3fléchit in the characteristic of the hardly restored ceiling. The painted images are theépreuve of this commission: they represent the Christian figures indeed as San George which overcomes dredger and San Cristoforo, but even scenes of daily life of Geonard (were thus called old the garden Arab, with a term which, translated literally, means " paradise of the terra" ). These images represent the pleasures of the life of court and the svaghi of the prince surrounded players oféchecs, the danceuses ones, of dromedari and bevitori" . One acts ofune miscellanea crowned and ofunic layman the world, which constitutes the vastest cycle pittorico Islamic there parvenu. It is a fantastic jewel which Wurth adopted to pay homage to the memory of Federico II, Stupor Mundi, the emperor svevo erede of Roger II which, formerly salted with the throne of Palermo, accomodated, in his Court of real Palate, rows of poet and men of letters. In Germany the; emperor is a myth which resists althe; wear of time: still now so much from German tourists of passage in the sicilian chief town will deposit a flower on its fell in Cattedrale. Under the ceiling of the Chapel they shine the mosaics off gold which decorate the whole Église, beyond 1200 square meters of broad charts one centimetre you place at side althe other, to draw a biblical cycle over which it dominates the splendid figure of Christ Pantacratore (a raffigurazione of Jesus, typically bizantina, I reprocess in an installation of Master and severe while benedice). It n' is not a caso if Guy of Maupassant, who visited Palermo in 1885, defines the Chapel " the most beautiful Church in the world, more surprising religious jewel dreamed of the human thought " .
Salts that trasudano of the walls caused in the years the fall of hundreds of charts of the mosaics, un' humiliating rain to which they assisted each day impotent.
When work is started, the guards of the Chapel delivered with the restorers two bags full with tiny parts, beyond ten thousand, which now were catalogued, and which, where possible, they will turn in their place. At the end of I restore, qu' it will be supplemented in the month of giugno of 2008, the himidity which causes to rise of salts will be only one to remember, and the gaps will be filled - where they miss the charts of the originals - of " rattoppi" of I mastic special on which I draw am reproduced with watercolour. " A technique adopted to guarantee the total leggibilità figures. It is the same one used to return althe old splendour another jewel delthe art to Sicily and c' be-with-to say the floors to mosaic of the Roman villa of the Farm of Armerina Place, of which it is hardly started restores.
Under the charts, indeed, c' it is which technician s' call sinopia, c' be-with-to say draws preparatorio mosaic, painting with precision and coloured: a guide for the anonymities craftsman-artists that almost nine hundred years it there with, they placed well on the walls of the Chapel 15 million charts. To look at the first results of work one remains dazzled. I do not know qu' is the definition of a mecenate" ; he says Wurth " I know only qu' to look at this one astonishment is immensely felix"